Resting on Europe’s eastern frontier, Ukraine is a country of rich diversity, fertile agricultural plains, and large industrial pockets. However, the country’s recent history has been plagued by acute political, security, and economic challenges; challenges which have stifled the efforts of Ukrainians to fully profit from the country’s status as a well-developed and highly educated State.Six years of conflict have transitioned into a stalemate, yet shelling and skirmishes still occur, especially in the Donbass region. After 29 attempted ceasefires, the last six months of 2020 saw a significant drop-off in hostilities; nevertheless, populations along the contact line live in a situation of permanent insecurity due to daily fighting. Over 3,300 civilians have been killed since the start of the conflict, while more than 7,000 have been injured. 3.4 million people in Ukraine remain in need of humanitarian assistance in 2021.Beyond the immediate protection and environmental risks stemming from the conflict, there is still more to be done to improve governance and coordination at national and local level.