India presently faces a dual challenge of a severe paucity of highly-trained, quality labour, as well as non- employability of large sections of the educated workforce that possess little or no job skills. The National Skill Development Policy (2015) of the Ministry for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship indicates that on the demand side, there is an additional net requirement of 11.92 crore skilled manpower in twenty-four key sectors by 2022.
Despite comprehensive changes in the Apprenticeship Act in December, 2014, India has less than 3 lakh youths undergoing apprenticeship training at present. On the other hand, countries like Germany, Japan and China to cite a few examples have 30, 100 and 200 lakh apprentices that aptly demonstrates the superior skills profile of these nations. Other challenges that hamper the growth of Apprentices in India include lack of awareness among the target audience regarding apprenticeship opportunities available, inadequate participation from the MSME sector, poor state machinery to deal with the subject and lack of incentives for participation of women and PwDs to avail apprenticeship opportunities.
In view of the above mentioned challenges, the Government of India undertook several reforms with regards to the Apprenticeship Act, 1961 in December 2014. The Apprenticeship Training Scheme has been functional since 1959 on a voluntary basis; however, Apprenticeship Protsahan Yojana was launched in November 2014 to increase participation of apprentices in MSDE sector. The number of apprentices in the country has remained stagnant and has not increased over the years. Only 215,000 persons were undergoing apprenticeship training against a seating capacity of 320,000 in 2008-2009. If we look at the current figures only 220000 lakhs persons are undergoing apprenticeship training against the seating capacity of 395000 lakhs. The enrollment in APY has been limited to 979 apprentices as against the target of 20000, even after a year of the scheme being launched. Despite the amendments made to the Apprenticeship Act in December 2014 and introduction of the Apprenticeship Protsahan Yojana (APY) in November 2014, Apprenticeship Training has not really gained the envisaged momentum in the country.
The Apprenticeship Training Scheme supports the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) in scaling up the Apprenticeship opportunities in the country by strengthening RDATs and State mechanisms and meeting the aforesaid challenges.
It is now widely recognized that apprenticeships have a positive impact not only on the level of skills and work-readiness of the apprentice but also on the business productivity among other things. They are able to reduce youth unemployment, improve the transition from school-to-careers, upgrade skills, raise wages of young adults, strengthen a young worker’s identity, increase productivity, achieve positive returns for employers and workers, and reduce government spending. Thus, apprenticeship promotion, especially among woman and youth, is becoming one of the focus areas of UNDP’s engagement with MSDE.
Since apprenticeships are the best way to provide more opportunities for women and youth to be skilled and placed in jobs that correspond to their needs and aspirations, UNDP is committing its own financial resources to directly complement the work done under the project “Strengthening Apprenticeship Ecosystem in India”.
The project in the first phase will be implemented in all RDATs and 11 states namely, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Delhi NCR, Haryana, Rajasthan, Jharkhand have been selected for intervention based on their industrial concentration. In year 2 based on a review of performance the project will be expanded to cover the remaining states.
A three pronged strategy is proposed to achieve the objectives:
Efforts in the Apprenticeship ecosystem have so far been initiated through the Apprenticeship vertical, Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship. However, as mentioned earlier both Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS) and Apprenticeship Protsahan Yojana (APY) have not gained enough momentum. Hence the project “Strengthening Apprenticeship Ecosystem in India” aims to scale up the Apprenticeship opportunities in the country by strengthening RDATs and State mechanisms pan India level and catalyse the existing schemes to their full capacity.
UNDP intends to undertake a qualitative assessment based on a review of available data and reports on apprenticeship training in India, case studies of selected firms implementing apprenticeship training. Through this study it is expected that emphasis will be laid on focus group discussions with apprentices, selected interviews or focus-group discussions with MSMEs currently not involved in formal apprenticeship training, as well as extensive interviews and discussions with stakeholders, including government apprenticeship officers (central level, RDAT and state-level), industry representatives and key experts.
It is expected that at least 10 case studies of firms involved in apprenticeship will be conducted, in addition to potential apprenticeship cluster (accelerator) approaches that will be assessed.
The preliminary review of the data collected on MSME’s and clusters should be conducted in pre-selected states.
Duties and Responsibilities
Under the guidance and direct supervision of the Chief Skills & Business Development, UNDP, the Consultant is specifically expected to:
Job Knowledge/Technical Expertise
Required Skills and Experience
(Kindly note: prior approved travel, boarding & lodging expense will be reimbursed as per actuals in line with UNDP rules.)
The award of the contract shall be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and:
Only candidates obtaining a minimum of of 49 points (70% of the total technical points0 would be considered