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Like many emerging economies, policy discussions on social and economic growth in Mongolia often gravitate to transport, energy and digital infrastructure as the backbone. ‘What infrastructure?’ and ‘infrastructure for what?’ are equally important questions given the aspirations to unlock new drivers of growth beyond mining and export of primary products. Mongolia’s vast territorial expanse and low population density create unique challenges for economic development in general and infrastructure investments in particular. Sandwiched between China and the Russia, two of the largest countries and economies in the world, Mongolia is the least densely populated country in the world. With just over 3.2 million people inhabiting a territory of 1.564 million square kilometers (more than six times the size of the United Kingdom and less than a third the population of London), Mongolia has a population density of 2.1 people per square kilometer. About half the population—some 1.4 million people—live in the capital city Ulaanbaatar. The rest of the population is spread across small urban centers and vast steppes. Given the spatial and density challenges, the conventional ‘build and they shall come’ approach to developing infrastructure has proved sub-optimal. Mongolia has some of the largest average transport distances (600km) and highest logistics costs (30% of GDP). The infrastructure challenge is made worse by the limited financing options.
It is against this background that the World Bank has been requested by Government of Mongolia to support the first ever transport infrastructure investment projects. The project concepts are underpinned by several years of detailed analysis on the urban mobility challenges in Mongolia and more the Mongolia infraSAP that analyzed the infrastructure challenges for connectivity and economic diversification.
Transport connectivity and logistics improvement project – the overall objective of this project is to improve a) transport connectivity and logistics for strategic value chains in Mongolia with specific focus on the meat value chain; and b) institutional capacity of Government of Mongolia for infrastructure delivery, maintenance and asset management. The project will therefore support the following priority areas: (i) improving transport connectivity between strategic hubs and preserving existing road assets; (ii) supporting Ministry of Road and Transport Development to build institutional capacity needed for effective strategic asset management; (iii) developing plans for integrated logistics and transport services to achieve maximum potential from the livestock sector; and (iv) facilitating private sector financing and participation in transport and logistics services.
UB urban mobility project – The proposed project will help the City of Ulaanbaatar address the urban transport issues such as traffic congestion, air pollution, road crashes, climate vulnerability, financial sustainability and service provision by setting a comprehensive program called Sustainable Urban Transport for Ulaanbaatar (SUTU). The SUTU Program is designed to improve the policy, institutional, and financing framework governing the provision of urban transport services in UB and includes a multi-year investment program. Component 1 includes strategic studies and capacity building activities in key thematic areas to help MUB build effective institution for transport planning and management. Component 2 includes infrastructure and Intelligent Transport System (ITS) investments on the street network towards a functional road hierarchy and providing public transport and NMT priority as well as safety and climate resilience improvements on selected corridors using a complete street concept. Component 3 includes investments in sustainable and integrated public transport sector.
In addition to the new engagements in transport sector, there is a substantial ongoing program in energy sector, encompassing the development of the National Electric Supply Strategy, investments in renewable energy (solar) generation, electricity transmission and distribution network, investments in district heating system and heating of ger areas and associated air pollution control, and policy support to increase the share of renewable energy, power imports from neighbor countries and both supply and demand sides’ energy efficiency targeting a transition to low-carbon growth in the energy sector.
Job Duties and Responsibilities:
In the context of travel restrictions imposed due to COVID-19, the Extended Term Consultant (nfrastructure analyst) based in Ulaanbaatar will play an important role in client engagement, coordinating technical inputs for the two projects, liaison with the Country Management (CMU), as well as support to the energy team as needed. The main duties of the E T Consultant (infrastructure analyst) will include the following:
•Provide support in preparation of key project documents (Project Concept Notes, Project Appraisal Documents, Aide Memoires)
Applicants are required to meet the following requirements:
• Master’s degree in the field of transport engineering, urban studies, infrastructure financing, or international relations AND a minimum 5 years of working experiences in related fields of infrastructure (transport, energy, digital development) policy and financing or sustainable development (water, urban, social and rural development)
For information about WBG Core Competencies, please visit: https://bit.ly/2kbIA7O
Note: The selected candidate will be offered a one-year appointment, renewable for an additional one year, at the discretion of the World Bank Group, and subject to a lifetime maximum ET Appointment of two years. If an ET appointment ends before a full year, it is considered as a full year toward the lifetime maximum. Former and current ET staff who have completed all or any portion of their second-year ET appointment are not eligible for future ET appointments.