Asia and the Pacific has experienced extraordinary economic growth and lowered poverty rates over the past decades. However, inequality remains a major obstacle to sustainable development and achievement of the 2030 Agenda. Continued progress will also be influenced by several key trends already affecting countries in the region: ageing, urbanization, youth unemployment, and climate change. By 2050, 25 per cent of the region’s population (1 billion people) will be senior citizens. Two-thirds are expected to live in cities. And 220 of the 358 million global youth who are not in education, employment or training, are from Asia-Pacific. In addition, the region is highly vulnerable to climate change which impacts men and women differently through, for example, gendered livelihoods and responsibilities. Each of these might further entrench existing inequalities or introduce new ones and countries will need to find ways of responding to to ensure that all the gains of development are more equally shared.
A critical driver of continued inequality in Asia and Pacific is the issue of unpaid domestic and care work that is by and large performed by women. In 2018, the UNDP Bangkok Regional Hub (BRH) published the study “Now is the Time! Reduce and Redistribute the Unpaid Domestic and Care Work Burden of Women for Sustainable Development”. This report highlighted that women spend more time than men in unpaid domestic and care work in all countries across the region (except New Zealand). It also found that women work longer hours than men when paid and unpaid work is combined. The study argued that the burden women shoulder at home is an important driver of gender inequality. It constrains learning and economic opportunities for women, including labour force participation and contributions to GDP and tax bases. Developing policy responses to help address this issue has enormous potential to help countries meet the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The report recommends policy-makers assign a monetary value to unpaid domestic and care work to acknowledge women’s contribution to societies: incentivize redistribution of this work; invest in basic infrastructure to allow easier and safer collection of fuels, water and other traditionally female responsibilities; and invest in the care industry to create decent and sustainable jobs and to contribute to human development through quality care services. Developing a suitable set of policy instruments also requires understanding the likely implications and linkages of the four key trends facing the region: ageing, urbanization, youth unemployment, and climate change. Policy-makers would benefit from a comprehensive mapping of these linkages. They would also be served through follow up to the 2018 study and its recommendations in the form of a coherent guide the range of instruments across sectors, domains, and ministries that can help them address this critical challenge.
Duties and Responsibilities
UNDP BRH aims to further contribute to the development of policy interventions to help contribute to gender equality by addressing the root causes of the unequal distribution of unpaid care and domestic work. UNDP is well-placed to contribute to this goal. It can leverage its integrator role and wide range of expertise across policy domains to address unpaid care and domestic work in Asia and the Pacific through a project providing support to policy-makers (through a practical step-by-step guide and a country case study), capacity building (to facilitate implementation of the suggested steps), and awareness-raising (to mobilize support and action).
The initiative aims at contributing to inclusive and gender-responsive policy-making, accelerating development dividends and SDGs progress across the region, and contributing to targets under SDGs1-11 and 16. It will address structural challenges that hinder SDG achievement as described in the UNDP Regional Programme Document for Asia and the Pacific 20180-2021 (i.e., persistent inequalities, unsustainable urban development, ageing populations and socio-economic alienation among youth).
It is important to note that broader analysis and actions beyond economic policy will be necessary to tackle the root causes of women’s disproportionate unpaid domestic and care work responsibilities. Mere availability of care services, infrastructure and equal rights does not fully address the challenges. A broader analysis of the interplay between norms, values and women’s unpaid work, combined with capacity-building activities that challenge social norms and biases, and advocacy efforts that mobilise action against the stigmas that men and women face in this area, are critical aspects of turning unpaid domestic and care work into development dividends.
Scope of work:
UNDP BRH plans to demonstrate how women’s unpaid domestic and care work is affected to key regional challenges (youth unemployment, ageing, urbanization and climate change). It also plans identify interventions to support policy-makers to act through the development of a practical step-by-step guide.
Under the overall guidance of Asia-Pacific Regional Economic Advisor and Asia-Pacific Regional Gender Equality Team Leader based in Bangkok, and in close consultation with the network of UNDP Country Office-based economists in Asia and the Pacific, the consultant will undertake the following tasks:
Expected Outputs and Deliverables:
Weekly online (voice) consultations with Regional Inclusive Growth Team Leader and Regional Gender Equality Team Leader for progress monitoring and quality assurance as well as to ensure the timely delivery of the specified deliverables.
Duration of the Assignment:
Up to a maximum of 35 working days over a period of maximum 3 months. The expected starting date is 30th August 2019.
This is a home-based assignment with weekly online (voice) consultations with UNDP BRH. No mission travels are expected.
Required Skills and Experience
The following minimum qualifications are required:
Price Proposal and Schedule of Payment :
Consultant must send a financial proposal based on Lump Sum Amount. The total amount quoted shall be all-inclusive and include all costs components required to perform the deliverables identified in the TOR, including professional fee, travel costs, living allowance (if any work is to be done outside the IC´s duty station) and any other applicable cost to be incurred by the IC in completing the assignment. The contract price will be fixed output-based price regardless of extension of the herein specified duration. Payments will be done upon completion of the deliverables/outputs and as per below percentages:
In the event of unforeseeable travel not anticipated in this TOR, payment of travel costs including tickets, lodging and terminal expenses should be agreed upon, between the respective business unit and the Individual Consultant, prior to travel and will be reimbursed.
Travel costs shall be reimbursed at actual but not exceeding the quotation from UNDP approved travel agent. The provided living allowance will not be exceeding UNDP DSA rates. Repatriation travel cost from home to duty station in Bangkok and return shall not be covered by UNDP.
Criteria for Selection of the Best Offer:
Individual consultants will be evaluated based on the following methodology, Cumulative analysis
The award of the contract shall be made to the individual consultant whose offer has been evaluated and determined as a) responsive/compliant/acceptable; and b) having received the highest score out of set of weighted technical criteria (70%). and financial criteria (30%). Financial score shall be computed as a ratio of the proposal being evaluated and the lowest priced proposal received by UNDP for the assignment.
Only candidates obtaining a minimum of 70% of the total technical points would be considered for the Financial Evaluation.
Documents to be included when submitting the proposals:
Interested individual consultants must submit the following documents/information to demonstrate their qualifications. Please group them into one (1) single PDF document as the application only allows to upload maximum one document:
Incomplete proposals may not be considered. The short-listed candidates may be contacted and the successful candidate will be notified
Annex I – TOR_ Unpaid domestic and care work and SDG progress
Annex II- General Condition of Contract
Annex III – Offerors Letter to UNDP Confirming Interest and Availability and Financial Proposal
All documents can be downloaded at : http://procurement-notices.undp.org/view_notice.cfm?notice_id=55288
|City, State:||home-based assignment with weekly online (voice) consultations with UNDP BRH. No mission travels are expected.|
|Closing date:||May 22, 2019|