ToR Data Analysis and Vulnerability Assessment.
Established in 1990, Relief International (RI) is a leading global humanitarian, nonprofit organization committed to transforming adversity into renewal for the world’s most vulnerable populations. By partnering with communities on the front lines, RI innovatively bridges the gap between immediate relief and long-term community development, providing them the tools and support they need to gain self-reliance.
Relief International is currently recruiting for a short-term consultant to assist in analyzing and writing a vulnerability assessment report with collected data from over 10,000 households in Iran.
The data has been collected in 2020 after Iran’s early experience with Covid-19. As a response to this outbreak, RI launched a comprehensive multi-purpose cash assistance program for eight provinces to support 3,500 households with their most-pressing needs. Prior to this support, RI had conducted a vulnerability assessment to ensure that the support was targeting the most vulnerable households (scoring form in Annex 1). The majority of beneficiaries were Afghan nationals.
Extract of the activity description
“Covid-19 outbreak has slowed down the Iranian economy since the beginning of March in a very critical period of celebrations (Now Roz, the Iranian New Year, etc.), which is usually the peak of economic activity during the year. This economic slowdown is putting the most vulnerable households at risk, especially those relying on daily incomes and the informal sector. These households are very likely to resort to negative coping mechanisms, such as selling assets, resorting to bad nutritional practices, reducing medical expenses, having children drop out of school work. Some households are also at risk to lose their shelter as well as at a higher risk to contract Covid-19 disease due to displacement, while also trying to find a daily activity that generates income. The risk of Covid-19 is particularly high for those households that include a member with chronic disease, with a disability or who is elderly.
Therefore, RI aims at supporting 3,500 households to cover their immediate basic needs for 2 months and encourage social distancing for the families at very high risk. To do so, beneficiaries will be identified and selected out of the current list of beneficiaries being supported by Relief International, households previously assessed but not supported, lists of referrals by other national and international partners, as well as the list of vulnerable households shared by BAFIA (Bureau of Aliens and Foreign Immigrants Affairs under Ministry of Interior). They will be assessed through phone screening by Protection Focal Points (PFP), who have already been trained by the protection team on proper conduct of household assessments. These PFPs will receive an extra briefing on this particular cash assistance and on Covid-19 prevention during cash distribution.”
Due to challenges in accessing beneficiaries, most of the people assessed were documented Afghans residing in Iran. Undocumented beneficiaries or passport holders were generally not referred by governmental partners.
Purpose of the Consultancy
Using collected data, RI would like to better understand the vulnerability of the Afghan households living in Iran, the profile of Afghan households most prone to those vulnerabilities, the impact of Covid-19 on those vulnerabilities, and the use (and mitigation) of negative coping mechanisms.
Relief International has currently collected and visualized provincial snapshots of the data collected (example of a snapshot is in Annex 2). Through this consultancy, RI aims to gain a wider understanding of the impact of Covid-19 on Afghan households in Iran and further highlight the main drivers of Covid-related as well as general ongoing vulnerability.
The consultant should particularly focus on:
- The profile of the most vulnerable households;
- The prevalence of vulnerabilities related to Covid-19 and how different vulnerabilities were specifically impacted;
- How Covid-19 has impacted households differently, depending on the household profile (changes in income depending on the professional activity of the breadwinner for instance)
- Looking for correlations between negative coping mechanisms, vulnerabilities and household profile factors (female headed household, household that has a member with disability, household without breadwinner or with a child has breadwinner, etc.).
- A review of any negative coping mechanisms that vulnerable households resorted to while facing Covid-19;
- Analysing any geographical disparities, including unique vulnerabilities and negative coping mechanisms per area, if any.
- The consultant will provide Relief International with the following deliverables:
- Final Study
- Introduction (1 page)
- Final Study
- Analysis Methodology and Rationale (1-2 pages)
- Executive Summary and Key findings (4 pages)
- Detailed Analysis (20 to 30 pages)
- Conclusion and Recommendations (3 pages)
- Data sets
- All raw data sets and analyses conducted to produce final study
- All justifications on data cleaning or data interpretation
Indicative time-table – 4 weeks (within the timeframe of the finalized contract)
- 2 days for desk review and discussion with country and HQ MEAL staff.
- 4 days data analysis and extract
- 10 days report drafting
- 1 day presentation to the team and feedback
- If needed, 2 days to make adjustments to the final report based on RI feedback.
Required Skills / Experience:
- Excellent English writing skills (evidence of past performance will be required).
- Strong analytical skills in Excel, STATA, SPSS, etc.
- Experience with research and/or programmatic work with vulnerable populations in humanitarian or disaster settings.
- Experience with cash programming.