Consultancy Terms of Reference
Purpose: Conduct integrity and anti-corruption assessment in Sudan
**Interested candidates must submit their application to Gov_shared@ndi.org by March 31, 2021. Applications submitted through the NDI Career Portal will not be considered.**
Recovery from kleptocratic rule is exceedingly difficult. A change of political leadership is a first essential step, but is insufficient on its own to ensure a transition out of kleptocracy. Even in those cases where incoming leaders demonstrate political will for reform, numerous country experiences give testament to the deeply embedded nature of corrupt networks, structures and practices that can impede the emergence of healthy rule of law.
The government that follows a kleptocratic ruler has the challenging task of identifying and addressing a deeply embedded set of kleptocratic networks and practices. To improve understanding of the ways in which incoming governments can dismantle lingering corrupt structures, NDI commissioned the design of an assessment framework to detect kleptocratic networks, as well as to identify solutions for dismantling their structures and influence.
Developed by Sarah Chayes, the assessment framework draws on previous academic research that analyzes corruption as a systemic problem and central to the conduct of governance, with special attention paid to the transnational dimensions and enablers.
The Sudanese Context
After decades of marginalization and economic hardship, social movements organized protests against President Omar al-Bashir in December 2018. The protests expanded to a nationwide civic resistance movement that would eventually lead to the overthrow of Bashir in April 2019. A joint civilian-military transitional government, established in August 2019, is now overseeing the transition period until elections. But, the transitional government has faced immense challenges in implementing its mandate including economic deterioration, the global coronavirus pandemic, and severe floods. These crises have left little time for the governance reforms outlined in the transitional constitution. The government has also been focused on negotiating peace agreements with armed movements in the border areas, viewing this as a key first step before undertaking further preparations for a civilian government.
At least in part, delays in Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok’s reform agenda are also due to the ‘spoiler’ efforts of countervailing forces. With economic interests ranging from oil to gold to weapons to flour, corrupt domestic and transnational networks are highly motivated to push back on rule of law reform efforts in order to maintain control over their revenue streams.
The Task and Deliverables
The present Terms of Reference (ToR) are for a consultancy that would adapt and apply the post-kleptocratic transition assessment framework to the current Sudanese context. Drawing on interviews and desk research, the resulting report should include an analysis of the integrity challenges and opportunities, as well as the identification of priority areas for response- taking into account political and technical viability as well as the potential pay-off.
The consultancy should initiate on or around April 20, with the first draft to be submitted by approximately July 20. For consultants based outside of Sudan, a decision on travel will be made based on discussion with the consultant and the evolution of the COVID-19 context.
Key deliverables of this consultancy include:
- Brief literature review of research and documentation related to relevant aspects of Sudan’s political, economic and social context
- Review and adaptation of the assessment framework to the Sudanese context
- Interviews conducted virtually and in-person (as feasible)
- First draft report
- Second draft report
- Final report
- Participation in virtual events to present the findings and recommendations
Consultant proposals will be assessed on the following requirements:
- Political knowledge and networks in Sudan and/or East Africa
- Knowledge and experience in anti-corruption assessments and programming
- Experience conducting research
- Excellent report writing skills in English
- Value for money of the financial proposal
Applicants are welcome from both individual consultants as well as consultancy teams. Interested parties are requested to submit any questions about the assignment and the following documentation via email to Gov_shared@ndi.org by 31 March 2021:
- Letter of motivation, highlighting relevant experience
- CV, including 2 reference persons
- Financial proposal, clearly distinguishing between fees and travel (if applicable)
- Sample of recent publication or written consultancy output, preferably on related topic